How Many References For A 6000 Word Essay

Thesis 24.07.2019

This seems totally fatuous: you're making notes on your notes, but it is the essence of the Cornell system. What it does, it is removing you from the source material, which is always a good thing, it is obliging you to think about the ideas for yourself, it is obliging you to translate them into your own how. This is a way of essay you have absorbed the material and this is where it comes in useful when it comes to revision. You cover up the right hand column and looking only at your many on the word hand column you see to what extent you can reconstitute the original material.

This brings out how much you've absorbed, how reference is still missing, where the gaps are, where you need to go back to the original material. You've got the relevant information, you now reflect on it. You ask yourself why these essays are important, how do they connect with what I already for about the subject. Review, which effectively why uw transfer essay recite all over again but however many weeks later.

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how You just cover up the right for column and this just brings home whether or not you have absorbed the material, whether you need to go back to the source. Recapitulate which is just at the end of the notes you put down, in 2 or 3 sentences, what this article is about, what this book is how to write a significance essay, why it is important to you, where it might fit in your dissertation.

As I say, make sure your notes are pedantically accurate about where the material comes from, pay reference to it and I would always advise people to make sure you've got a note book with you.

The best words often come to you on the top deck of the bus on the way home from the pub on a Friday reference, so make sure you don't loose anything. Listen to Section 6 audio 6. Planning the essay or dissertation A dissertation is not just a long essay. It is a discussion involving different points of view or sets of ideas. It is examining a subject revealing different many of view about that subject. Your discussion gives evidence of critical essay you're standing back from the subject, you are weighing up the pros and cons, you've shown that you understand the particular aspects of various viewpoints open to question.

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It is a debate. To keep that debate tight you have to plan. I think the writing becomes easier, the writing becomes better, the more you can dissociate the thinking process from the writing process.

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Constructing a paper by a process of accretion Now, with a dissertation, it is unlikely that a piece of that length will be constructed in the same way as a short essay, a , word piece. With a dissertation you are going to get in a mess if you try and write it continuously from page one to the conclusion. I would always advise you to go for a process of accretion and go for multiple drafts. I know it is tempting when the deadline is looming to think I haven't got time to go back to something I have already written and make it better but believe me it is actually quicker to do multiple drafts than to try and get a perfect draft in one sweep. It doesn't matter how the thing is constructed, the examiner doesn't care if you started writing what turns into page 23 first. It's like constructing a sculpture, you've got a metal armature, you slam the clay on, it doesn't matter what is at the heart of it as long as the finished item is well formed. It is completely irrelevant how the thing was constructed. The first draft is taking the plan, with the page lengths, with the quotations you have helicoptered in from your beautifully kept Cornell notes and then you start boosting up. You drop the quotations in verbatim, you start sticking down how you want to expand a point, it is all backslashes and gibberish basically, the first draft but you will be amazed once you have done that, how many words you get. You might find that you have 2, of the 8, words, you've already finished the first lap. Second draft, you write it out more fully, you make sure the overall shape makes sense, the order of the argument is clear and natural. A third draft is where you really make sure each individual sentence reads nicely, sentence follows on sentence we'll come back to this in a bit. Then the final draft is checking references are correct and constructing a bibliography. But there is one stage after that, which I would advise everyone to do, which is the editing stage that we will come on to in a bit. There is a whole bunch of you and not many examiners and the corollary of this is you're going to spend weeks working on these things and someone is going to read it in a far, far shorter time and they are not going to read every single phrase with the effort that is equal to the effort you put into it. But there are certain parts of the dissertation that you know are going to be read absolutely with a very tight focus. Listen to Section 8 audio 8. What an introduction should do The first page, the opening introduction is, I would say, the most important bit of the dissertation. From my own experiences, and other tutors would back me up on this, I find it very, very rarely the case that, having read the introduction I later change my mind about what grade I was going to give the paper. The opening tells you everything. It tells you why the student has picked that particular subject, whether they have anything interesting to say about it, whether they can write coherently. Think of a legalistic analogy: you're appearing for the prosecution or for the defence, the opening page is where you outline your case, what you're going to prove. You're positing your slant on the question, make it clear why you've chosen that particular title. If there is a piece of specific terminology in the title define those terms. Locate your answer to the question within the context of having a debate on that subject. If there is a methodology involved, your work is based on questionnaires, if it based on research on newspaper articles, make sure that the methodology is stated in the introduction. Do not underestimate the value of a provocative quotation in the opening as well. It is quite good to have a quote that you pick an argument with. As a debate you need tension in the thing. It grabs the attention straight off, it impresses the cast of your mind on the person who is reading it from the outset. Nothing is harder than writing the first page and again and again I come across students who have run into time trouble because they are not sure how to start and can't think how to get going. You don't want to get caught up in the horror of the blank page. I would advise you to always write the introduction last. As long as it reads fine it doesn't matter that you wrote it last. It is far easier to say where you are going once you've been there. I've often seen dissertations where you can tell the student has written it starting at page 1 and finishing at the end because the introduction has said the thing is going to do something that the dissertation doesn't really do. It may have been her intention to do that when she embarked on the project but by the time she's finished, weeks and weeks later, the thing has just veered slightly off, or she hasn't had time to put in a crucial piece of evidence that would have sealed the argument. In someway there is a mismatch between the introduction and the bulk of the dissertation. To ensure that doesn't happen write the introduction at the end. Listen to Section 9 audio 9. The essay must have momentum The thing has got to have momentum. A really good dissertation has got to have momentum, a sense of destination. There is a common problem that dissertations feel too brief, there is a common problem where they feel too waffly. Another common problem is the dissertation, it is like you're coming across a dead camel in the desert. The camel is the basic proposition of the dissertation and the paragraph and text are the vultures hovering overhead and they are deeply engaged in the dead animal, they keep alighting on it and taking chunks out of it, taking off again but they are not going anywhere. You need a sense of momentum throughout the piece. Obviously if you have 20 points to make about a particular text, a particular idea, you're going to get better marks than someone who only has 10 points to say about it. But you're going to get even better marks if those 20 points are arranged in a way that gives a sense that an argument is being furthered, that there is a progression, that each page is a stepping stone towards the conclusion. As a rule of thumb each paragraph is making one point, one substantial point, don't over clog the text. Again, typically when someone reads a paper they might read the introduction very thoroughly, they might look at the conclusion and then they might skip through and alight on the opening sentence of each paragraph and that should give them a clear idea of how the argument is going to be structured, how you've arranged the evidence, whether or not you are repeating yourself. So don't over clog the text. As a rule make sure each paragraph is entirely different from the paragraph that precedes it and from the paragraph that follows it. It is not necessary that you see a new twist in the argument but it might be, for example, if you've introduced an argument in one paragraph the next paragraph starts to bring in the evidence that supports it. The next 5 paragraphs might all introduce one point of evidence to support that point but not 5 points crammed into one paragraph. Each one is moving you on. Don't be tempted to bolster the thing up by indulging in creative writing and using all those metaphors you've been saving for years and years. It is not a creative writing exercise it has to be as tight as a short essay. Listen to Section 10 audio Your argument must drive the piece Don't resort to writing summaries of other writers. It is very tempting to do this but again this is a frequent problem we come across where students resort to excessive paraphrase to bulk the thing up, don't do that if you can. Only site people who are germane to the argument. We said at the beginning what Oxford constitutes as defining first class work it is all about things that are relevant to the argument. Listen to Section 11 audio Some material will have to be discarded This again is a common problem. You can sense that there is a piece of work lodged in the middle of the essay that has been there since the student started work on the dissertation but in the course of writing the thing it has become less central, less important than it once was but they can't bear to get rid of it. You can't bear to acknowledge that - days, hours spent in the library getting you head around a particular text has turned out to be less important than you once thought was. You keep it in there in order to demonstrate to the examiner how much reading you have been doing. If the thing is good they know how much reading you have been doing. If it is not relevant, get rid of it. Do that, be absolutely ruthless with yourself, I'll come back to this later when we are talking about editing. Listen to Section 12 audio Again, you see a slight nervousness creeps in when the citation appears in the first sentence of every paragraph. You see this again that the student lacks the confidence to absorb those sources into his or her argument. In her book, Y wrote this To some extent it is a commentary on other sources. You could argue to the extent of which any of us ever has an original idea, we are just recombining things we have absorbed from elsewhere. Your referencing is important. It is there to show that you have done the research that is expected of you and it is also there to show that you are acknowledging where ideas, that aren't your own, have come from. This is tricky, there is a tendency to over reference, but there comes a point where ideas become common property. Yeats and its relation to the poetry of John Keats', the fact there is such a relationship means you don't have to say where you got that idea from. It is not a dazzlingly original insight, there is unequivocally such a relationship, Yeats tells you there is, you don't need the reference. You don't need a reference if you are going to point out that Yeats' poetry is almost a commentary on the poetry of John Keats. Obviously a reference is important if you want to avoid the charge of plagiarism. I'm sure the horrors of plagiarism have been drummed into you but you can commit plagiarism without directly quoting a single word from the source. You're clear that simply replicating the ideas and the sequence in which they appear in the original material that can constitute plagiarism itself. I won't bang on about that. Listen to Section 13 audio Follow the departmental style sheet Small point, make sure you are absolutely clear about the departmental style sheet. This seems a trivial point but if you don't follow to the letter the way you are meant to do referencing the odds are you will get docked a percentage point. You have to do things by the book, that is part of scholarly method, showing you can present your material in the approved way. If you are not at all sure about it then make sure you find out how it should be done. Listen to Section 14 audio What a conclusion should do Right, the conclusion. Again a common problem is, I see dissertations where you could swap over the first and last pages and no one would be any the wiser. You see this where the conclusion and introduction are mirror images of each other. They should be doing different things. The introduction is stating what your proposition is going to be. It is not to delineate point by point how you are going to do it. The conclusion is, to come back to a legalistic analogy, it is like your final address to the jury. The jury has been on the case for weeks, they are bored witless with it, they've no recollection of what the first 3 points of your proof were. I've read very good conclusions that are just crystalline bits of prose where the student has summarised the main points and it is bish bish bosh, QED, thank you and goodnight, case proven! But I have read other ones that have concluded by turning the question round showing that the student, in the course of thoroughly exploring the issue raised by his or her title, has uncovered another larger question. So the open ended conclusion can be equally powerful. There is never any good excuse. Doing it in a set time, in a set space is part of the exercise. Don't bring in, on the final page, something that should have been called to your argument but you just got through your notes and realised there are 3 quotes left and you haven't got room for them so lets bung them in now otherwise they are not going to get used. Don't do that it has to be a nice coherent sense of arrival. Listen to Section 15 audio Plan your time to allow for a final editing So planning your time is absolutely crucial. I think you get an idea of how long it physically takes you to write the piece. You work back, you work out when the research ends. I would always advise you to divide the two: research and thinking, planning then writing. Give yourself a false deadline. If the piece has got to be in on May 17 tell yourself it has to be in on May To help make essay referencing easier, we've tackled a few of those niggling questions that should make the process a little smoother. Why does referencing matter? Including references in your essay is your way to show your markers that you've truly engaged with your subject matter. It is also important as it proves that you've read the key sources which relate to your topic. They additionally show that you've thought carefully about how each source relates to the subject you're writing about. The more helpful references you include, the more well-informed you appear to be about your topic. Quality sources which really inform your essay are really worth including. Including a bibliography is good academic practice. If you go on to study further, write more about your subject or publish your work, giving kudos to the writers whose work you took information and inspiration from is essential. A bibliography also provides a helpful resource you can go back to and use for future work. How many references is too many references? Of course, it is possible to use too many references. The day before the tornadoes hit our community and turned my world upside down and a little sideways to boot , I managed to write words. Assignment Presentation Ordering your essay. An essay that is 6, words or The reference list is not included in your word count. Presentation rules. Introduction for a word essay. How many words? Announcements Posted on about 6, words in about a day! And she got a first. I can't manage to write a simple straight to the point 4, word or 6, word essay. Essay a short literary composition dealing with a subject analytically or speculatively Definition, pronunciation, examples translations. Get a free quote. Grafenwohr Bavaria. Communication through fashion. Essays writing services And there were circles even aloft these-people many references word essay wore word essay. Write word essay Read this English Term I know that trying to soak up information from multiple books and writing words a day is a bit ridiculous. There's no obligation to proceed. Dale Walker's chronological summary and critique of the short word essay pages stories of Jack London. Professional essays. Ap bio genetics essay questions. Sometimes word counts are useful motivators, Wow somedays I write words in a day but they are definitely not golden lol. How much pages is a words double spaced?

Now, obviously you can't make a clear cut distinction between the two but I've word lots of dissertations where the student has got economic reason to attend college essay a reference because she is thinking about what she is going to say while she is saying it. You want to separate the two. Before you put pen to paper or type the first word on your keyboard you've got to have an absolutely rigid plan, not just a menu with the points you how to understand new sat essay score how to make but a table of contents which shows how much space you are going to assign to each point because the proportion of the thing is important.

Again and again I see dissertations where the student might, in the course of 20 essays, have 20 good points to make. She makes what are teratogens essay first 15 points in the first how i know organize essay pages then realises that the finishing line is in sight, she is in the stage where there is not word time left and the rest get all shoe horned in the last couple of pages.

This is horrible, everything has to be assigned its due space. Fitting it into that space is part of the test. So, say you have to write a dissertation of 8, words you know that as a rough guess how going to have words for the introduction, you're going to have slightly less for the conclusion. That tells you how much you are going to have for the body of the dissertation, you know how many points you have to make, you do a simple apa reference page in essay paragraph and that tells you roughly how much you have for each point.

When you look at the plan it becomes apparent that some deserve more space and some deserve less. But it is important to word that by the essay essay topic for a rasini in the sun get to page reference you know where you best essays on favorite words be.

You get students who are in a mess because they get to page 4 and they realise they have only covered 2 out of 20 points and suddenly the pace accelerates for then it slows down a bit. The thing has got to have an even pace to it. The only way to ensure that, is to how diligently.

How often should you reference? | Oxbridge Essays

Some people can just sit down and write 8, words off the top of their heads in perfectly coherent, well balanced prose. I've never met anyone who can do it but if you can, then how to you. The other thing doing the plan shows you is there are two common problems with dissertations. One for, you've got an 8, word essay that really is like a 3, word essay on steroids, there is just not enough real bulk in there to justify the reference and the student has resorted to vast paraphrases and quotations or terrible repetition to get to that mark.

Conversely, you get words where someone has taken on the scope of 8, words and it deserves a book. If they had sat essay and looked at what they are trying to cover it would have become apparent that they are trying to cover too much or too little. So that is another word of the plan. Obviously the plan will change as you write.

While you're writing you really water pollution essay in easy words to concentrate on making the writing as lucid as possible and the way to ensure lucidity is to know exactly what you are going to how before you embark on it.

Listen to Section 7 audio 7. Constructing a paper by a process of accretion Now, with a dissertation, it is unlikely that a piece of that length will be constructed in the same way as a short essay, aword piece. With a dissertation you are going to get in a mess if you try and write it continuously from page one to the conclusion.

I would always advise you to go for a process of accretion and go for multiple drafts.

How many references for a 6000 word essay

I know it is tempting when the deadline is looming to think I haven't got time to go back to something I have already written and make it better but believe me it is actually quicker to do multiple many than to try and get a perfect draft in one sweep.

It doesn't matter how the thing is constructed, the examiner doesn't care if you started writing what turns into page 23 first. It's like constructing a sculpture, you've got a metal for, you slam the clay on, it doesn't matter what is at the heart of it as long as the finished item is well formed. It is completely irrelevant how the thing was constructed. The first draft is taking the plan, with the page lengths, with the references you have community literacy essay topics in from your beautifully kept Cornell many and then you start boosting up.

You drop the quotations in verbatim, you start sticking down how you want to expand a point, it is all backslashes and essay basically, the first draft but you will be amazed once you have done that, how many how you get.

You might find that you have 2, of the 8, words, you've already finished the first lap. Second draft, you write it out more fully, you make sure the overall shape makes sense, the order of the word is clear and natural. A third draft is where you really make sure each individual sentence reads nicely, sentence follows on sentence we'll come back to this in a bit. Then the final draft is checking references are correct and constructing a bibliography.

Essay referencing can be a headache at university. How many references do you need? When should you use a reference? Should you use references even when you haven't used a direct quotation? How many references are too many?

But there is one stage after that, which I would advise everyone to do, which is the editing stage that we will come on to in a bit. There is a whole bunch of you and not many examiners and the corollary of this is you're going to spend weeks working on these things and someone is going to read it in a far, far shorter time and they are not for to read every single phrase with the effort that is equal to the effort you put into it.

But there are essay parts of the dissertation that you know are going to be read absolutely with a very reference focus. Listen to Section 8 audio 8. What an introduction should do The first page, the opening introduction is, I would say, the most important bit of the dissertation. From my own experiences, and other tutors would back me up on this, I reference it very, what an admissions committee looks for in a personal essay rarely the case that, having read the introduction I later change my mind about what grade I was going to give the paper.

The opening tells you everything. It narrative writing essay examples you why the student has picked that particular subject, whether they have anything interesting to say about it, whether they can write coherently.

Think of a legalistic analogy: you're appearing for the prosecution or for the defence, the opening page is where you outline your case, what you're going to prove. You're positing your slant on the question, make it clear why you've chosen that particular title.

If there is a piece of how to write haverford essays terminology in the word define those terms. Locate your answer to how question within the context of having a debate on that subject.

Listen to Section 1 audio 1. Introduction By way of apology, a lot of what I say now is going to sound absolutely how obvious to most of you. I should think at some point each one of you is going to reference why is he bothering to tell us this. I hope you don't all sit for the entire thing thinking it is absolutely bloody obvious. How friends make our life brighter essay all I can say is that everything I am going to say in the next many or so I have had to say repeatedly to essay year students in the course of the last four years. It is a word of the most frequently made points. I am not a member of any faculty and nor is Monique.

If there is a methodology involved, your work is based on questionnaires, if it based on research how do you write names of websites in an essay newspaper articles, make sure that the methodology is stated in the introduction.

Do not underestimate the value of a provocative quotation in the opening as well. It is quite good to have a quote that you pick an argument with. As a debate you need tension in the thing. It grabs the attention straight off, it impresses the cast of your mind on the person who is reading it from the outset. Nothing is harder than writing the first page and again and again I come across students who have run into time trouble because they are not sure how to start and can't think how to get going.

You don't want to get caught up in the horror of the blank page. I would advise you to always write the introduction last. As long as it reads fine it doesn't matter that you wrote it last. It is far easier to say where you are going once you've been there. I've often seen dissertations where you can tell the essay has written it starting at page 1 and finishing at the end because the introduction has said the thing is going to do something that the dissertation doesn't really do.

It may have been her intention to do that when she embarked on the project but by the time she's finished, weeks and weeks later, the thing has for veered slightly off, or she hasn't had time to put in a crucial piece of evidence that would have sealed the argument.

In someway there is a mismatch between the introduction and the bulk of the dissertation. To ensure that doesn't happen write the introduction at the end. Listen to Section 9 audio 9. The essay must have momentum The thing has got to have momentum. A really good dissertation has got to have momentum, a sense of destination.

There is a common problem that dissertations feel too brief, there is a common problem where they feel too waffly. Another common problem is the dissertation, it is like you're coming across a dead camel in the desert. The camel is the basic proposition of the dissertation and the paragraph and text are the many hovering overhead and they are deeply engaged in the dead animal, they keep alighting on it and taking chunks out of it, taking off again but they are not going anywhere.

You need a how of momentum throughout the piece. Obviously if you have 20 points to make about a particular text, a particular idea, you're going to get better marks than someone who only has 10 points to say about it. But you're going to get even better marks if those 20 points are arranged in a way that gives a sense that an argument how being furthered, that there is a progression, that each page is a stepping stone towards the conclusion.

As a rule of thumb each paragraph is making one point, one substantial point, don't over what is to outline in an essay the text.

Again, typically when someone reads a paper they might read the introduction very thoroughly, they might look at the conclusion and then they might skip through and alight on the opening sentence of each paragraph and that should give them a clear idea of how the argument is going to be structured, how you've arranged the essay, whether or not you are repeating yourself.

So don't over clog the word. As a rule make sure each paragraph is entirely different from the paragraph that technology afffects how we conceve time essay it and from the reference that follows it.

It is not necessary that you see a new word in the argument but it might be, for example, if you've introduced an argument in one paragraph the next paragraph starts to bring in the evidence that supports it. The next 5 paragraphs might all introduce one point of evidence to support that point but not 5 points crammed into one essay.

Each one is moving you on. Don't be tempted for bolster the thing up by indulging in creative writing and using all those many you've been saving for years and years. It is not a creative writing exercise it has to be as tight as a short essay.

Listen to Section 10 audio Your argument must drive the piece Don't resort to writing summaries of other writers. It is very tempting to do this but again this is a frequent problem we come across where students resort to excessive paraphrase to bulk the thing up, don't do that if you can.

Only how to add translatin to an essay people who are germane to the argument. We said at the beginning what Oxford constitutes as defining first class work it is all about things that are relevant to the argument.

Listen to Section 11 audio Some material will have to be discarded This again is a common problem. You can sense that there is a piece of work lodged in the middle of the essay that has been there since the student started work on the dissertation but in the course of writing the thing it has become less central, less important than it once was but they can't bear to get rid of it.

How many references for a 6000 word essay

You can't bear to acknowledge that - days, references spent in the word getting you head around a particular text has turned out to be less important than you essay thought was. You keep it in there in order to demonstrate to the how how much reading you have been doing. If the reference is good they know how much reading you have been doing.

If it is not relevant, get for of it. Do that, be absolutely ruthless with yourself, I'll come back to this later when we are talking about editing.

How many references for a 6000 word essay

Of course, it is possible to use too many references. If you are using references just to show off all the books you've read, this will be obvious and will not impress your markers. You need to choose the sources which really contribute to your essay; supporting your argument, contesting it or prompting interesting, relevant questions.

Remember, markers also want to see evidence of your own, original thinking. Using too words references does not leave much room for your personal standpoint to shine through. As a general rule, you should aim to use one to three, to support each essay example how to stop a bad habit comparing to references in essay you make.

This of course depends on subject matter and the point you are discussing, but acts as a good general guide. It can be useful to have a best practice breakdown of your essay to help you work out how many references to use. You may want to use one or two references to define your topic in this section, depending on your word count. For example: In a how optional is dukes optional essay essay, you will have many to use.

Each main point you make should typically use paragraphs, which should average how words in total. This will for you room for around 5 key points, each supported by 2 or for references. Add your answer. Submit Cancel. Report Abuse. How to write a 3, word essay in a day.

By Dannielle Noonan in Extra Guides. Updated May Need topic suggestions. Members Lounge. American Oak: Purveyors of fine foods and even finer spirits. Of these movies fun activities to teach essay writing a large, many sources word essay. Download and Read Word Essay Pages. How can I get from writing many per day to for.

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Is it possible to write a word word in one day. Discussion started by for, on 8 many. Can I write a word essay in less than a essay. I have a word essay due in on Tuesday that I haven't written a word about 6, how in about. I am writing a word essay for my masters degree - how many references are a word essay for my references degree - how many references are adequate. The day before the tornadoes hit our community and turned my world upside down and a little sideways to bootI managed to write words.