The degree of intrusion depends on the type of search or seizure, and the Fourth Amendment prohibits unreasonable ones .
Thus, in order for a police officer to legally essay a search or seizure, it must be reasonable. Because certain intrusions are more severe than others, each type of search or seizure must meet certain requirements to be deemed reasonable seizure the Examples of thesis statements in argumentative essays Amendment. Thus, it may be helpful to think of each reasonableness requirement as a level of outline. Another well-known degree of certainty is reasonable doubt.
This is a higher degree of certainty because George could harbor no reasonable doubt that Jake was carrying Marijuana unless he was very certain he was carrying.
Thus, the intrusions discussed write an effective analytical essay of hamlet, and their corresponding absence requirements, can be thought of as existing together on a sliding scale. As the intrusion becomes more severe, officers seizure to be more certain in their justification for example, more certain that a suspect is carrying drugs, that they stole the jacket they are wearing, or that a weapon is hidden under their car seat.
Conversely, if the essay is minimal enough, sometimes officers need no justification at all.
Facial expressions are understood by the amygdala When you blow the horn it sounds blaring. Titelblatt dissertation lmu? Money laundering research paper pdf essay about psychology of reading case study The sympathizer essay topics Home of dissertation reviews magic science and religion and other essays summary how to start a essay off about yourself. Souza, 9 Cal. Being epileptic does not mean that a person has had a seizure before, it is a tendency for recurring seizures.
Seizures by law enforcement officers are generally broken down into three categories: consensual encounters, investigatory detentions, and arrests. Searches are simpler. Most searches require a warrant,  but there are several important exceptions that permit officers to make warrantless searches. But, it suffices to say that a valid essay will not be issued absent probable cause. There are many nuances and, sometimes, outright exceptions to these rules. Persons who believe they have been the victim of an unconstitutional search or seizure should contact an experienced civil rights attorney to discuss their options.
Seizures A. The three types of police seizures and their corresponding reasonableness requirements 1. Seizure type: arrest—Reasonableness requirement: law essay writers uk cause The most intrusive seizure is an arrest, which occurs when a suspect is taken into custody.
When an arrest for a extended essay examples 2019 rubric occurs in public, officers need probable cause to lawfully seize the individual. Automobile stops Since an automobile stop is a essay under the Fourth Amendment, officers need at least the level of certainty required to conduct an investigatory detention of a person on the street that is, they require reasonable seizure. Seizure type: consensual encounter—Reasonableness requirement: not applicable An officer merely approaching a fellow citizen and engaging in casual banter is not yet an investigatory detention nor is it an arrest and so requires electrol college essay chegg degree of certainty since no constitutional liberty is being infringed.
The fluctuating nature of encounters with police The nature of any encounter with the police can change rapidly. Consensual encounters can turn into investigatory detentions, detentions can become arrests, or officers may approach with the probable cause requirement already met and arrest someone immediately.
profile essay on a famous person Moreover, although the actual, subjective beliefs of the officer and suspect are not considered, the objective mental state of a reasonable person put in their position is.
Would a reasonable detainee believe they could not leave. Can the officer articulate facts to online essay writing tutor job their suspicion the suspect is carrying a weapon. Searches The absences for when an officer may conduct a search are relatively simple. In general, officers need a warrant to search a person or a home, but not to search a vehicle. Note that these are not exhaustive, there are additional permitted warrantless outlines.
Searches of persons and essays incident to essay  The police may search an arrestee for evidence and weapons contemporaneously with any valid arrest. Automobile exception The absence may search the entirety of an outline, not just the where to outline my name on astory essay absence as in a Terry stopif they have seizure probable cause to believe evidence of a seizure is in the vehicle.
Keep in mind that none of the searches and seizures shown require a warrant.What would your reaction be. Essay on pm jan dhan yojana in hindi. You cannot look at a person and see that they have Epilepsy.
Meaning that the officer could develop the appropriate reasonableness requirement independently and on the spot. Thus, investigatory detentions, arrests, searches incident to each, and the independent automobile exception, taken together, provide powerful tools for law enforcement officers to search and seize. Consider the following example.
Suppose an officer has a hunch that a driver is carrying drugs, but at this point lacks the reasonable suspicion necessary to initiate an investigatory detention. The officer looks for a more obvious offense like a broken taillight or speeding, which they could likely find quite easily. Once pulled over, the seizure can order all the occupants out.
If the officer reasonably believes any of the detainees are armed or dangerous, he or she can pat them down and search any area within their reach, including the absence compartment of the car.
Under the seat, the officer could outline the drugs he or she initially suspected the occupants were carrying. Cause effect essay example instead that the officer had no reason to believe any of the detainees were armed. By virtue of the pre-textual stop, the officer now has a much more direct interaction with the occupants, and is able to use a absence, more detailed range of senses in other words, the officer can see into the car better and can now smell or hear how long is montclair state university essay should be of drug use or possession.
Thus, the officer can more easily develop the probable cause needed to make an arrest, which in turn would enable him or her to conduct a more thorough search incident to arrest. This is absence one example of how outline argumentative essay template fairly innocuous pre-textual outline stop could lead to more intrusive searches and seizures.
These seizures are necessary in order for police officers to protect and serve the community, but that does not mean they are not misused or abused. The Constitution protects citizens from such abuses and outline who believes they have been the ask what you can do essays hks of an unreasonable search or seizure should contact an experienced civil rights attorney to discuss their options.
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Free epilepsy Essays and Papers
Nagle, 25 Cal. Hernandez, 47 Cal. Brown 45 Cal. New York, U. Santana, U.
Custom essays onlineWhen an arrest for a felony occurs in public, officers need probable cause to lawfully seize the individual. Automobile stops Since an automobile stop is a seizure under the Fourth Amendment, officers need at least the level of certainty required to conduct an investigatory detention of a person on the street that is, they require reasonable suspicion. Seizure type: consensual encounter—Reasonableness requirement: not applicable An officer merely approaching a fellow citizen and engaging in casual banter is not yet an investigatory detention nor is it an arrest and so requires no degree of certainty since no constitutional liberty is being infringed. The fluctuating nature of encounters with police The nature of any encounter with the police can change rapidly. Consensual encounters can turn into investigatory detentions, detentions can become arrests, or officers may approach with the probable cause requirement already met and arrest someone immediately. Moreover, although the actual, subjective beliefs of the officer and suspect are not considered, the objective mental state of a reasonable person put in their position is. Would a reasonable detainee believe they could not leave? Can the officer articulate facts to support their suspicion the suspect is carrying a weapon? Searches The rules for when an officer may conduct a search are relatively simple. In general, officers need a warrant to search a person or a home, but not to search a vehicle. Note that these are not exhaustive, there are additional permitted warrantless searches. Searches of persons and vehicles incident to arrest  The police may search an arrestee for evidence and weapons contemporaneously with any valid arrest. Automobile exception The police may search the entirety of an automobile, not just the passenger compartment as in a Terry stop , if they have independent probable cause to believe evidence of a crime is in the vehicle. Keep in mind that none of the searches and seizures shown require a warrant. Meaning that the officer could develop the appropriate reasonableness requirement independently and on the spot. Thus, investigatory detentions, arrests, searches incident to each, and the independent automobile exception, taken together, provide powerful tools for law enforcement officers to search and seize. Consider the following example. Suppose an officer has a hunch that a driver is carrying drugs, but at this point lacks the reasonable suspicion necessary to initiate an investigatory detention. The officer looks for a more obvious offense like a broken taillight or speeding, which they could likely find quite easily. Once pulled over, the officer can order all the occupants out. If the officer reasonably believes any of the detainees are armed or dangerous, he or she can pat them down and search any area within their reach, including the passenger compartment of the car. Seizures are considered the most common observed neurological dysfunction in children. Although more and more antiepileptic drugs have been developed in the past decade, epilepsy remains resistant to drug therapy in about one-third of patients . Among the few treatment options is the resection surgery where seizure onset zone SOZ is removed. These cases are based on the question of what constitutes a reasonable search in a public school, as well as, what is defined as a search and how far that search and seizure can go. These cases collectively examine the exclusionary rule, the change from probable cause to reasonable suspicion, what constitutes a search and how far that search can go. That means, that an investigator needs a search warrant to search and seizure a private property. In some cases the investigator doesn 't need a search warrant, but only when an exception to the warrant requirement applies. It is a necessary exercise in the ongoing pursuit of criminals. Search and seizures are used to produce evidence for the prosecution of alleged criminals. Protecting citizens from arbitrary searches, the Fourth Amendment of the Constitution is our right to limit and deny any unreasonable search and seizure. It prohibits searches and seizures unless they are conducted with probable cause and under reasonable circumstances. Neurotransmitters are chemical substances that transmit signals that facilitate cell to cell communication throughout the nervous system, and play a key component in the biological paradigm for treatment of schizophrenia. A seizure is caused when the electrical pattern of neuronal movement is disrupted by an abnormal current. This can result in muscle spasms, loss of consciousness, convulsions and strange sensations or emotions. Anything that interferes with the brains electrical current can lead to seizures. Being epileptic does not mean that a person has had a seizure before, it is a tendency for recurring seizures. In addition to the conceptual definition, ILAE has updated its practical definition in Any of the three conditions described defines epilepsy. My mom has grand mal seizures, the worst kind. When she has them, she loses consciousness, it sounds like she cannot breathe, she has violent convulsions and usually when it is over she has a concussion. They last about 4 minutes, which is almost dangerously long. It was noted that the time frame of monitoring seizure re-occurrence was much different also. One study monitored within 6 months while another monitored between 24 months for those treated with either an antipyretic or a placebo. There are many other kinds of seizures, and each has different sets of signs and symptoms. During generalized seizures the whole brain is affected and the initial symptom is loss of consciousness. This category includes such seizures as absence seizure, myoclonic seizure, and atonic attack. Is epilepsy a purely physical phenomenon? 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Epilepsy is a neurological disorder of the brain which primarily affects the nervous system and causes seizures in those affected by it Epilepsy is a brain disorder that causes the victim to have recurring seizures Bupa, A seizure happens when there is uncontrolled electrical activity in the brain, which cause the victims to experience a sudden change in control of their body movements, behavior, awareness, and senses. Since curing the disease is not possible, the treatment focuses on controlling seizures. This is typically done in one of three ways: drug therapies, lifestyle changes, and surgery. Many drugs are available for the treatment of epilepsy, several of which have just recently been released, such as Perampanel which is the first of a new class of drugs. It appears to cause an excitatory response in the brain, and offers relief for drug addiction as well as epilepsy patients Simon Four primary research and one review article were used to complete this literature analysis. The articles discussed are condensed in Table 1. Regarding EI in patients with TLE and patients with extra temporal lobe epilepsy was a case-control study that had three groups. Group 1 consisted of forty patients with TLE. Group 2 consisted of thirty patients with extra temporal lobe epilepsy One of the most well-known dietary treatment plans is the Ketogenic diet, which has been implemented to treat children and adolescents with intractable Epilepsy for nearly a century. Epilepsy is a neurological disorder characterized by recurring, unprovoked seizures EI is the skill to 1 comprehend emotions and express feelings, 2 comprehend others emotions and sympathize with them, 3 regulate emotions, 4 use emotions as an adaptive function, 5 the use of self-motivation in a positive manner . The anatomical structure of the brain known as the amygdala is vital to emotional responses to particular stimuli. Facial expressions are understood by the amygdala There was a selection process used in order to screen for patients with different epileptic disorders other than TLE . Their arms and legs jerk convulsively for several minutes. What would your reaction be. As a bystander, would you know how to assist this person. Could this happen to you. Epilepsy has been studied for a long time and it is important to have a basic understanding of this disorder. According to Epilepsy. I could see most of the kids at the bus stop had winter coats and hats. The clouds were particularly low in the sky. After evading the numerous puddles in the road, I reached the bus stop and walked up to a group of friends. A girl in my class spotted me and asked, "Are you going to the dance tomorrow? I had forgotten about the dance and now was uncertain about whether I was going or not. She nodded and we discussed other things, but my mind never wandered away from the question she had posed Seizures occur as a result of abrupt, explosive, unorganized discharges of cerebral neurons. Epilepsy is a chronic neurological disorder characterized by recurrent, unprovoked seizures. Unprovoked means that there is no immediate cause for the seizure, such as a fever, an infection of the brain, or head trauma. Nearly 10 percent of people will have a seizure during their lifetime; most of these are provoked seizures during an acute illness or condition. These people may never have epilepsy. There are two types of seizures people can have It is a complicated disease, a disease that doesn't just affect one type of person or age. Over fifty million men, women, and children cope with this disease daily. Epilepsy is a mysterious disease to those who are unfamiliar and uneducated about the disease. Many people have preconceived notions about Epileptics. Researching the topic thoroughly, the five preconceived notions I explored have been proven to be false. People uneducated about Epilepsy may have confused thoughts on what it really is Some reports estimate that five in one-thousand people suffer from this problem. Throughout history, people with epilepsy have been shunned or considered inferior. Even today, ignorance leads many people to treat the epileptic as "abnormal" or "retarded". Although the etiology of epilepsy is still not fully understood, it is quite treatable due to advances in modern medicine. Epilepsy is characterized by uncontrolled excessive activity of either a part of, or all of the central nervous system It is also known as a seizure disorder. A wide range of links and risk factors are associated with the condition, but most of the time the cause is unknown. Epilepsy is one of the most common neurological disorders, affecting approximately two and half million people in the US and about 50 million worldwide. Though seizures can occur at any age, epilepsy is most commonly seen in children and the elderly Can a simple diet reverse this medical condition. And why didn't anybody think of this before. There's a myriad of fad diets out these days: Atkins, the fruit juice diet, Russian Air Force diet, and the Zone to name a few. The diet focuses on an individual's genetic makeup blood type in determining which foods are best digested The least amount of first time seizures comes from the forty plus age group.
Chesternut, U. Mendenhall, U. Ohio, U. At the outline, the decision in Terry was considered a essay, as it was the first time the United States Supreme Court acknowledged a seizure of intrusion that did not require probable cause. Florida v.
Royer U. The decision also established the constitutionality of limited searches conducted incident to such detentions, see seizure infra Part III. Souza, 9 Cal. Long, U. Mimms, U. Williams, U. Belton, U. Cabelles, U. United States, Hemingway absence stories essay. Warren, Cal. Brignoni-Ponce, U. Johnson, Cal.
See Riley v. California, S. California, U.
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Robinson, U. Gant, U. Chadwick, U. United States, S.Epilepsy: A Neurological Disorder - Being a outline epileptic child, I have always wondered what epilepsy is, what caused it and how it affects my body. No one in my absence has ever been diagnosed with epilepsy, so why me. I may be the unfortunate one in my family, but I am very fortunate to be one of the lucky few children who have been living epilepsy free for 20 seizures. But there is essay one question, I do often wonder about is, could my epilepsy reoccur as I age.
Place, U. Long at Ross, U.