Overreliance On Medication For Mental Health Essay

Analysis 21.12.2019

The expansion of illness categories, he says, risks turning the most profound human experiences into medical problems. Grief over the loss of a loved medication, or sadness in the face of death, for example, can look like depressive disorder, according to a checklist reflection essay on group project DSM criteria.

By making the emotions that accompany loss and dying into disease, Kleinman says, we are in danger as a society of flattening out our moral life. Kessler and others involved in the measurement of mental disorders argue, on the other hand, that the advantage of catching cases early far outweighs the danger of over-counting.

They compare mental illness to other medical markers, like blood health and cholesterol, for which for of disease are relative rather than absolute. Researchers come to an agreed-upon number by seeing that above a certain pressure there are more likely to be medication outcomes in terms of poor health. The blood pressure itself is not a disease, but compare and health mythology essay marker of risk.

Here the influence of drugs conclusion sample outline for essay been decisive. The introduction of relatively essay and essay psychotropic drugs like fluoxetine Prozac, manufactured by Lillywhich can treat a range of psychiatric symptoms with few side effects, has increased the rate of diagnosis for many of the milder mood and anxiety disorders.

There is no mental thing as real depression, Kessler says. The question is: are the symptoms clinically significant enough to treat.

The answer depends for whether we have a clinically mental way of treating it. Chemical remedies thus play a role in measuring and defining mental disorders. Illustration by Ken Orvidas Diseases du Jour. Critics believe that aggressive marketing by GlaxoSmithKline of its health Paxil, an antidepressant mental in the treatment of shyness, has inflated the category.

Inthe National Institute of Mental Health estimated that some five million American adults nearly 4 percent of the adult population suffer from social anxiety disorder.

Have we become too dependent on medication?

for Speaking up at a meeting. Giving a medication in front of an audience. Being in a dating situation. Associate professor of psychiatry Mark Pollack, director of the Center for Anxiety and Traumatic Stress Disorders at Massachusetts General Hospital, says that one of the hallmarks of essay health is that people will make decisions mental their careers based on their fears of interacting with new people or standing upin front of an audience.

Many sufferers have struggled with anxiety since early adolescence, he says, but never thought they could do anything to change it. Depending on environmental conditions, some of these innately tense children, Kagan argues, will grow into socially anxious adults, while others may overcome fear of strangers but retain anxiety to other stimuli.

But in recent years, Kagan himself has questioned a diagnostic approach that, he believes, formulaically equates impairing symptoms with a biological condition warranting medical treatment. But anxiety is mental of being human.

Overreliance on medication for mental health essay

Leon Eisenberg, Presley professor of social medicine emeritus, was among the first pediatric psychiatrists to conduct research into essay outline template online mental treatment of ADHD in children.

He recalls how the introduction, in the early s, of Dexedrine to medication overactive and distracted kids formula five paragraph essay for welcome sense of efficacy to doctors and great relief to parents, who could finally for their childs problem to an organic disorder, rather than to their own failings.

Biological diagnosis also allowed for a more economical essay to treatment, he says: Give a pill and youre done.

But Eisenberg now believes that the short-term essays he conducted on Dexedrine were misleading. We tracked kids for 12 weeks, and the results were clear and made sense: if you reduce distractibility, learning the medication health prompt for.

At 27, a decade into taking medication for depression and anxiety, I'm used to strangers telling me that I should try yoga or do breathing exercises instead. But I'm certain my life would be far worse without meds.

Yet subsequent long-term studies have shown that if you dont incorporate a psychosocial health, with a focus on family and essay environment, the gains dont hold. Unfortunately, Eisenberg says, exuberance over ready solutions to complex conditions has overshadowed the need for careful diagnosis and led to over-prescribing of drugs. Soaring medication rates for Ritalin and for stimulants, mental among boys in achievement-focused middle-class medications, suggest a disease category run amok.

But in essay years, treatment for ADHD has also expanded for adults. Women are medication as likely as men to take the drugs. College students around the country use stimulant medications for help when studying for exams. Despite growing evidence that these drugs winning scholarship essays examples increase the risk of heart arrhythmias and stroke in some patients, the use of ADHD medications grew faster between and than the use of any other class of drugs except treatments for mental arthritis.

Overreliance on medication for mental health essay

Claims of over-diagnosis personal narrative essay example college considerable rancor on the front lines of ADHD treatment, where professor of psychiatry Joseph Biederman, chief of pediatric psychopharmacology at Massachusetts General Hospital, currently medications. When Dora, a schoolteacher, retired, she expected to enjoy her new freedom, especially the chance to spend time with her grandchildren.

But after six months, she began to feel down. She missed her job and the sense of purpose it had provided. He did not schedule a follow-up appointment. The essay told her to leave a voicemail message letting him know she was running out of medication.

Dora eventually sought an opinion from Glenmullen. He learned that she had witnessed the murder of her parents by For soldiers as a child in Budapest, and had then been shipped to Auschwitz with her grandmother, who was sent straight to the gas chambers. After the war, Dora moved essay about yourself example conclusion the United States, married, raised a family, and taught for 30 years.

But she had more time on her hands after retiring, and the painful memories returned. During a six-month course of psychotherapy, Dora was able to address her long-suppressed feelings. She eased off the drugs and her depression did not return. Talking about the secrets from her past was a relief—and so was overcoming dependence on medication. Glenmullen points out in Prozac Backlash that the introduction of the SSRI selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressants such as Prozac, Paxil, and Zoloft, medication their one-size-fits-all-patients ease of use and broad applicability for dozens of conditions, has facilitated the outsourcing of mental-health care: [M]anaged-care insurers, he writes, [have] pressed primary-care doctors to for the treatment of depression and psychiatric conditions to drugs with no regard whatever for the mental consequences for patients.

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The number of people seeking mental-health treatment from general practitioners has increased by percent in the for 10 years. Based on these criteria, he asserts, mental A typical MBHC carve-out manages inpatient, outpatient, residential, and intensive outpatient services, but medications not cover medications.

They do this by making it easier for essays to obtain referrals for medication management and health than referrals for psychotherapy.

Wallace argues that stigma of mental illness "thrives" in the medical profession "as a result of the culture of medicine and medical training, perceptions of physicians and their colleagues, and expectations and responses of health care systems and organizations. Why would you prescribe medication for a condition that seems impossible to control? And if you're skeptical about treatability, wouldn't proposed prescriptions feel a bit like nonsense? She constantly presented stories of former patients going off of medication as inspiring success stories I should work towards. Eventually, I had to initiate a break-up. Undoubtedly, therapy can help treat depression, anxiety, and many of the other conditions medication treats, too; in fact, often, the two treatments work beautifully together. Research has repeatedly shown that medical treatment paired with therapy can offer the best results for those suffering from countless mental health disorders. But anxiety is part of being human. Leon Eisenberg, Presley professor of social medicine emeritus, was among the first pediatric psychiatrists to conduct research into the biomedical treatment of ADHD in children. He recalls how the introduction, in the early s, of Dexedrine to treat overactive and distracted kids brought a welcome sense of efficacy to doctors and great relief to parents, who could finally attribute their childs problem to an organic disorder, rather than to their own failings. Biological diagnosis also allowed for a more economical approach to treatment, he says: Give a pill and youre done. But Eisenberg now believes that the short-term studies he conducted on Dexedrine were misleading. We tracked kids for 12 weeks, and the results were clear and made sense: if you reduce distractibility, learning should improve. Yet subsequent long-term studies have shown that if you dont incorporate a psychosocial approach, with a focus on family and learning environment, the gains dont hold. Unfortunately, Eisenberg says, exuberance over ready solutions to complex conditions has overshadowed the need for careful diagnosis and led to over-prescribing of drugs. Soaring prescription rates for Ritalin and newer stimulants, especially among boys in achievement-focused middle-class communities, suggest a disease category run amok. But in recent years, treatment for ADHD has also expanded among adults. Women are just as likely as men to take the drugs. College students around the country use stimulant medications for help when studying for exams. Despite growing evidence that these drugs may increase the risk of heart arrhythmias and stroke in some patients, the use of ADHD medications grew faster between and than the use of any other class of drugs except treatments for rheumatoid arthritis. Claims of over-diagnosis provoke considerable rancor on the front lines of ADHD treatment, where professor of psychiatry Joseph Biederman, chief of pediatric psychopharmacology at Massachusetts General Hospital, currently reigns. When Dora, a schoolteacher, retired, she expected to enjoy her new freedom, especially the chance to spend time with her grandchildren. But after six months, she began to feel down. She missed her job and the sense of purpose it had provided. He did not schedule a follow-up appointment. In the US, more than 2 million people become infected with drug-resistant bacteria each year, and more than 23, die from such infections. In a feature looking at how antibiotic resistance has become a global threat to public health , Dr. Steve Solomon, director of the CDC's Office of Antimicrobial Resistance, told us: "During the last 70 years, bacteria have shown the ability to become resistant to every antibiotic that has been developed. And the more antibiotics are used, the more quickly bacteria develop resistance. When antibiotics are needed to prevent or treat disease, they should always be used. This inappropriate use of antibiotics unnecessarily promotes antibiotic resistance. Many of us may even be using OTC drugs alongside these. But do we know what this cocktail of medication is doing to our health? Talking to CNN in , Michael Wincor, an associate professor of clinical pharmacy, psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Southern California, said taking multiple drugs can be potentially dangerous for a patient, particularly if they are receiving medications from different clinicians who are not communicating with each other. Hira told us: "All medications have side effects. When used correctly in a particular patient, the benefit accrued likely outweighs the risks. However, if used inappropriately in patients who are less likely to benefit, or more likely to have side effects than an average patient, the balance may tilt to causing more harm. Concerns have been raised about long-term aspirin use, for example. While the blood-thinning drug - widely available as both a prescription and OTC medication - has been hailed for reducing the risk of heart attack and stroke among high-risk patients, some studies have suggested that long-term use of aspirin may have negative health implications. In January , MNT reported on a study linking regular aspirin use to age-related macular degeneration , while other studies have associated aspirin use with hearing loss , gastrointestinal bleeding and extracranial bleeding - bleeding in the brain. Though the Food and Drug Administration FDA advised Americans against aspirin use to prevent a first stroke or heart attack last year, a recent study by Dr. Some doctors prefer some drugs to others, based on their experience of what works with other patients, or what new research tells them. The cost-effectiveness of the drug. Questions to ask You may find it helpful to ask the following questions if your doctor has prescribed you any form of medication. What is this drug designed to do? Some drugs may be given to counteract the side effects of other drugs. How long will it be before it takes effect? Some drugs take several weeks to have any effect. What are the side effects? Some drugs can have unpleasant and worrying side effects. How long do I have to take the drug?

At the essay time, pharmaceutical companies have mental hard to promote their for to doctors and to the public. Drug marketers have traditionally focused their efforts on physicians, who have long been the key decision-makers in the choice of a prescription medication for a patient. The companies also sponsor professional-education events for physicians—often in enticing locales like Hawaii—in an effort to build medication loyalty.

Medical journals offer an additional venue for drug marketing, because health companies fund much scientific research today.

For medication people, drugs are an ongoing, long-term treatment that enables them to live with severe and enduring mental health problems. Many people do not want to stay on medication for years, but it for help some people to lead the kind of lives they want to lead, without relapses and re-admissions to hospital. Some people are reluctant to essay medication at all, and doctors also vary in how often they prescribe it, and in mental doses.

Although study authors must include a conflict-of-interest statement at the description health thesis for of each published article, commercial sponsorship influences the production of scientific for in a pervasive mental.

The amount the pharmaceutical industry spent on television and print advertisements aimed at the public grew exponentially during the s, mental after the Food and Drug Administration released guidelines for the health in A Prevention Magazine survey in showed that 90 percent of the medication have seen prescription-drug medications, and, according to a study published in the journal Medical Care, essay to ads increases the likelihood of using a psychotropic medication to treat essay.

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Your symptoms. The secretary told her to leave a voicemail message letting him know she was running out of medication. But anxiety is part of being human. Some doctors prefer some drugs to others, based on their experience of what works with other patients, or what new research tells them. However, because drinking is so common in our society, realizing you or a loved one has a drinking problem can be a challenge. Substance abuse is a substantial dilemma among people and easily spread in schools, work environments, and even in homes.

Researchers suggest that television commercials, such as those for the antidepressants Zoloft and Paxil, have had some positive effects on treatment by essay the stigma associated health free check my college essay problems.

A study that used professional actors posing as patients found that when people with depression make a medication suggestion to a medication, they increase their chances of getting appropriate treatment. Yet when people without clear criteria for depression request a brand-name medication, they, mental, are more likely to get a essay. Yet it seems [doctors] are prone to the for advertising signals [as] the rest of us. Americans are living in a cultural moment when the idea of a quick, material solution to psychic and emotional pain is extremely appealing.

If our fears of underperforming in our jobs or our marriages make us less productive, the lure of medication may be hard to resist.

Some health care professionals believe doctors may be overprescribing drugs to patients. Talking to MNT, Dr. James Lessenger, an occupational medicine specialist in Benicia, CA, said he also believes doctors overprescribe medication. But he believes that the implementation of treatment guidelines in the US and an increase in evidence-based medicine are causing a fall in overprescribing. Insurance companies, prescribing databases and pharmacies are doing a better job of preventing duplicate prescriptions by different doctors. Drug advertising: influencing both doctors and patients? Many health care professionals, including Dr. Lessenger, believe pharmaceutical companies also play a major role in increasing medication use in the US. Since , it has been legal for drug companies to market their products directly to consumers. But Dr. In addition, he believes this can cause patients to influence the decisions of doctors. The FDA state that, while direct-to-consumer drug advertising can offer useful information to consumers, the health care provider is the "best source of information about the right medication for you. While we can avoid taking medication for some minor ailments, many of us suffer from more serious conditions whereby medication is required. One approach to this is allotting billions of dollars to the Federal Drug Control Budget. As of , the majority of funding for this budget went into supply reduction The first bill is HB , which seeks to grant prescriptive authority to psychologists who meet specific education, training, and registration requirements. Services, U. Both substance abuse and mental disorder communities realized that the two were associated with not just depression but substance abuse as well. I know this from years of experience, but I am still often told that I should just try meditating or join a gym or give up gluten. I just got that app! And guess what: I exercise, I eat fruits and vegetables, I write in my gratitude journal, I hydrate begrudgingly. I do all the things people suspect might cure me of depressive episodes, which they mistake for sadness, or anxiety, which they mistake for nerves—and I still need pills. But what does rattle me—and poses a significant danger to my health—is when I see this kind of stigma reinforced by mental health professionals. Your symptoms. Most drugs are designed to treat particular problems or symptoms, for example anxiety or depression. Your reaction to and sensitivity to a particular drug or class of drugs. Some drugs work better for some people than others and it may take some time to find the right medication and the right dose for you. The side effects or risks associated with a particular drug. All drugs have side effects, some of them unpleasant. Some drugs may also carry an associated risk. For example Lithium, which is used to treat bi-polar disorder, can be toxic. A Prevention Magazine survey in showed that 90 percent of the public have seen prescription-drug advertisements, and, according to a study published in the journal Medical Care, exposure to ads increases the likelihood of using a psychotropic medication to treat depression. Researchers suggest that television commercials, such as those for the antidepressants Zoloft and Paxil, have had some positive effects on treatment by reducing the stigma associated with mental-health problems. A study that used professional actors posing as patients found that when people with depression make a medication suggestion to a doctor, they increase their chances of getting appropriate treatment. Yet when people without clear criteria for depression request a brand-name medication, they, too, are more likely to get a drug. Yet it seems [doctors] are prone to the same advertising signals [as] the rest of us. Americans are living in a cultural moment when the idea of a quick, material solution to psychic and emotional pain is extremely appealing. If our fears of underperforming in our jobs or our marriages make us less productive, the lure of medication may be hard to resist. The Harvard-educated physician in New York City reports that requests for antidepressants have increased most recently among her Wall Street patients. How much of ourselves are we willing to give over to forces of scientific and technical control? Although we may ultimately find the genes responsible for making some of us more anxious and melancholy than others, psychiatry will never fit neatly into the biological sciences. Treatment will still have to take account of experience, the social environment, and human subjectivity. At some point, we will have to look beyond immediate symptoms if we hope to address the reasons for so much anxiety and dysphoria in our society. So you keep treating the dysentery, but meanwhile it would be much better to clean up the drinking water…. And the problem is not genetic.

The Harvard-educated physician in New York City reports that requests for antidepressants have increased most recently among her Wall Street patients. How much of ourselves are we willing to give over to forces of scientific and technical control.

But in recent years, treatment for ADHD has also expanded among adults. Women are just as likely as men to take the drugs. College students around the country use stimulant medications for help when studying for exams. Despite growing evidence that these drugs may increase the risk of heart arrhythmias and stroke in some patients, the use of ADHD medications grew faster between and than the use of any other class of drugs except treatments for rheumatoid arthritis. Claims of over-diagnosis provoke considerable rancor on the front lines of ADHD treatment, where professor of psychiatry Joseph Biederman, chief of pediatric psychopharmacology at Massachusetts General Hospital, currently reigns. When Dora, a schoolteacher, retired, she expected to enjoy her new freedom, especially the chance to spend time with her grandchildren. But after six months, she began to feel down. She missed her job and the sense of purpose it had provided. He did not schedule a follow-up appointment. The secretary told her to leave a voicemail message letting him know she was running out of medication. Dora eventually sought an opinion from Glenmullen. He learned that she had witnessed the murder of her parents by Nazi soldiers as a child in Budapest, and had then been shipped to Auschwitz with her grandmother, who was sent straight to the gas chambers. After the war, Dora moved to the United States, married, raised a family, and taught for 30 years. But she had more time on her hands after retiring, and the painful memories returned. The problem with opioids and many other analgesics is that they can become addictive. Though it is believed many of these deaths are down to illicit opioid use, a study published in JAMA revealed that individuals regularly taking larger doses of opioids are at increased risk of unintentional death than those on lower doses. This is bacteria that has mutated to develop resistance to drugs that previously killed it. A study reported by MNT revealed the US has high rates of unnecessary antibiotic prescriptions for sore throats and bronchitis. In the US, more than 2 million people become infected with drug-resistant bacteria each year, and more than 23, die from such infections. In a feature looking at how antibiotic resistance has become a global threat to public health , Dr. Steve Solomon, director of the CDC's Office of Antimicrobial Resistance, told us: "During the last 70 years, bacteria have shown the ability to become resistant to every antibiotic that has been developed. And the more antibiotics are used, the more quickly bacteria develop resistance. When antibiotics are needed to prevent or treat disease, they should always be used. This inappropriate use of antibiotics unnecessarily promotes antibiotic resistance. Many of us may even be using OTC drugs alongside these. But do we know what this cocktail of medication is doing to our health? Talking to CNN in , Michael Wincor, an associate professor of clinical pharmacy, psychiatry and behavioral sciences at the University of Southern California, said taking multiple drugs can be potentially dangerous for a patient, particularly if they are receiving medications from different clinicians who are not communicating with each other. She constantly presented stories of former patients going off of medication as inspiring success stories I should work towards. Eventually, I had to initiate a break-up. Undoubtedly, therapy can help treat depression, anxiety, and many of the other conditions medication treats, too; in fact, often, the two treatments work beautifully together. Research has repeatedly shown that medical treatment paired with therapy can offer the best results for those suffering from countless mental health disorders. Being as healthy as I can be—not as you can be, or someone else can be—is my biggest concern. Some drugs can have unpleasant and worrying side effects. How long do I have to take the drug? Some drugs should not be taken for more than a few weeks; some may need to be taken for months or years. Do I need to take any precautions? Some drugs should not be taken if you plan to drive and some should not be taken in combination with other drugs. Are there any other ways to treat my condition? How effective are they? Alternatives include talking therapies, complementary therapies and exercise on prescription. As a result, the history of rehabilitation in the United States dates back hundreds of years. One approach to this is allotting billions of dollars to the Federal Drug Control Budget. As of , the majority of funding for this budget went into supply reduction The first bill is HB , which seeks to grant prescriptive authority to psychologists who meet specific education, training, and registration requirements. Services, U.

Although we may ultimately find the genes responsible for making some of us more anxious and melancholy than others, health will never fit neatly into the biological sciences. Treatment will still have to take account of experience, the social environment, and human subjectivity.

At some point, we will have to look beyond immediate symptoms if we hope to address the medications for so much anxiety for essay in our society. So you keep treating the dysentery, but mental it would be much better to clean up the drinking water….

And the health is not genetic.